Multiscale Entropy Analysis of Retinal Signals Reveals Reduced Complexity in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the most significant health challenges of our time, affecting a growing number of the elderly population. In recent years, the retina has received increased attention as a candidate for AD biomarkers since it appears to manifest the pathological signatures of the disease. Therefore, its electrical activity may hint at AD-related physiological changes. However, it is unclear how AD affects retinal electrophysiology and what tools are more appropriate to detect these possible changes. In this study, we used entropy tools to estimate the complexity of the dynamics of healthy and diseased retinas at different ages. We recorded microelectroretinogram responses to visual stimuli of different nature from retinas of young and adult, wild-type and 5xFAD—an animal model of AD—mice. To estimate the complexity of signals, we used the multiscale entropy approach, which calculates the entropy at several time scales using a coarse graining procedure. We found that young retinas had more complex responses to different visual stimuli. Further, the responses of young, wild-type retinas to natural-like stimuli exhibited significantly higher complexity than young, 5xFAD retinas. Our findings support a theory of complexity-loss with aging and disease and can have significant implications for early AD diagnosis.

Publication
Scientific Reports
Sebastián Garay
MSc student
Leo Medina
Leo Medina
Principal Investigator

Leo teaches computer engineering courses at Usach, and his research interests are in the neural engineering and computational neuroscience fields. His work has contributed to understand how nerve fibers respond to electrical stimulation.

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